Archive for the 'Sleep Apnea' Category

30 Jan

Pneumocephalus Associated with Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in a Patient with Sleep Apnea Syndrome: Discussion

Pneumocephalus has been reported to occur as a complication of mask-CPAP or manually operated oxygen powered resuscitator applied via face mask in head trauma victims, and in a young previously healthy male scuba diver while ascending to the water surface. Air within the cranium usually implies a connection with the atmosphere, directly or via air […]

29 Jan

Pneumocephalus Associated with Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in a Patient with Sleep Apnea Syndrome: Case Report

Polysomnography revealed severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome with apnea/hypopnea index of 63 episodes per hour of sleep and severe oxygen desaturation. Sleep pattern was marked by virtual absence of stages 3 and 4 of NREM sleep, and numerous brief awakenings associated with the abnormal respiratory events. A repeat polysomnography study was done on nasal CPAP, […]

28 Jan

Pneumocephalus Associated with Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in a Patient with Sleep Apnea Syndrome

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is characterized by periodic upper airway obstruction and hypoxemia during sleep with daytime hypersomnolence. In severe cases, polycythemia and cor pulmonale may develop. Nasal CPAP was introduced as a treatment for obstructive sleep apnea by Sullivan et al in 1981, and has been shown to be very effective in obviating obstructive […]

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